Two Common Diseases That Your OB/GYN Will Treat

An obstetrician-gynecologist (OB/GYN) doctor specializes in women's health. Patients visit OB/GYN for pregnancy, infertility, menopause, birth control, and much more. Like any other specialist, the doctor will also treat certain illnesses that fall within their field. As a woman, there are several diseases and illnesses that affect the female reproductive system that you need to be aware of. Learning the warning signs can save you from lasting damage from the diseases. This guide goes over two common diseases that millions of women have been diagnosed with: endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome.


The uterus is lined with a tissue known as the endometrium. Sometimes this tissue grows someplace other than the uterus. This condition is called endometriosis. The misplaced tissue still grows and sheds each month during the menstrual cycle, except it doesn't exit the uterus like normal endometrium. The tissue can become trapped in ovaries and cause painful cysts. It can also form into scar tissue on the surface that it is growing on, which is also very painful. The symptoms of endometriosis are:

  • Painful intercourse

  • Heavy bleeding during or between menstrual cycles

  • Extreme cramping with menstrual periods

  • Infertility

  • Fatigue

  • Nausea

Not only is this condition painful, but there are severe complications that can occur from it, such as infertility and ovarian cancer. The treatment for endometriosis varies depending on the severity of the disease. Pain medication and hormone therapy can go a long way in helping a patient cope with the condition. Surgery is sometimes used if the patient wants to become pregnant and the endometriosis is an issue.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome is often called PCOS. It is a type of hormonal illness and affects the ovaries. Small follicles grow inside the ovaries each month and hinder the release of the egg. The symptoms of the disease are:

  • Cysts in the ovaries

  • Periods that are irregular

  • High levels of male hormones

  • Painful periods

There are several known complications for PCOS, including infertility, cancer, miscarriage, stillbirth, and gestational diabetes. It is important to see a doctor right away if you suspect you have PCOS. The OB/GYN will use an ultrasound and pelvic exam to diagnose the condition. Treatment for PCOS consists of hormonal therapy, medication for ovulation, birth control, and weight loss if necessary.


It is important that you see your OB/GYN doctor at least once a year for your annual checkup. The doctor will perform a pelvic exam and pap smear to check the overall health of your reproductive system. You can address any concerns you have with the OB/GYN as well.

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